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Understanding the Electrocardiogram (ECG)

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About Course

Understanding the Electrocardiogram (ECG) Course

What Will You Learn?

  • Learning Outcomes
  • Having completed this course, you will be able to:
  • Identify and interpret normal sinus rhythms on an electrocardiogram (ECG).
  • Distinguish between normal sinus rhythms and abnormal ECG patterns in potential cardiac disorders.
  • Analyse ECG waveform morphology to assess the presence of atrial and ventricular hypertrophy.
  • Explain the underlying mechanisms involved in different ECG rhythm patterns.
  • Discuss the physiological and pathological factors that lead to specific ECG rhythm abnormalities.
  • Categorise ECG rhythms into different groups based on their waveform patterns and clinical significance.
  • Recognise and differentiate between atrial and ventricular fibrillation, bradycardia and tachycardia.

Course Content


  • Why we use the ECG
  • Anatomy and Physiology of the Heart for ECG
  • Electrolytes and electricity
  • Triggering contraction: the action potential
  • Electrical cells and automaticity
  • The ECG
  • Key Points

Placing the ECG Leads

Part 1: Interpreting ECG Rhythms

Part 2 Providing Basic Life Support
Learning Outcomes Having completed this course, you will be able to: State how the adult Cardiac Arrest Algorithm helps manage cardiac arrest in adult patients. Outline the importance of post-cardiac care. Summarise the basics of Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR). Distinguish between the CPR procedure in adults and infants. Review the basic life support (BLS) procedures provided by one or two healthcare personnel.

Case Study

Further Reading, Resources and References

Course Summary

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